The leading Hamas official, Dr. Abou Marzook, has issued a public statement, addressing Hezbollah. Marzook demands that Hezbollah withdraws from Syria to “focus on the resistance against Zionism”.
Despite Marzook´s attempt to “spin” his statement as opposing Zionism or Israel, a review of the political development pertaining Hamas, Syria and Qatar reveals, that at least a leading and significant faction within Hamas has actively prepared for the joint Zionist – Western – GCC subversion on Syria.
On 14 June, the leading Hamas member, Dr. Abou Marzook issued a statement on his Facebook page, in which he demanded, that the Lebanese Hezbollah Party withdraws its fighters from Syria, so as to concentrate on the resistance against Israel.(1 The Hamas official´s statement was made not much more than a week, after Western, Israeli and GCC backed insurgents suffered a decisive defeat in the Syrian city Qasair.(2
Some of the primary, contributing factors to the Syrian armed forces victory over the foreign-backed terrorist forces in Qasair were:
That the Syrian armed forces have adopted a counter insurgency strategy which partially is based on the Russian military´s experience with combating western-backed insurgents in Chechnya.
That Iraq´s Prime Minister Nouri Al-Maliki has taken action and closed a Saudi-Arabian smuggling route, which is starting in the Anbar province. This well-known smuggling route was during the U.S. occupation of Iraq used by Saudi-backed terrorists, who created sectarian violence in Iraq. The route was re-activated in 2011, and used for logistical support of Saudi-backed terrorists in Syria.
The Iraqi Prime Minister´s decision to close the route, as well as to help securing the Iraqi – Syrian border came, after Saudi-Arabia, in late 2012, restarted its support of terrorism in Iraq, which this time was being directed against the Al-Maliki administration.(3
Al-Maliki´s initiative effectively closed the Syrian – Iraqi border with the exception of Kurdish administrated Iraqi regions, and weakened the insurgents in Syria.
That Hezbollah has taken the initiative to help closing the Lebanese border for insurgents. Lebanon has been used as a front line against Syria. Two of the primary pillars of support for terrorists who infiltrated from Lebanon into Syria are the Saudi-Lebanese citizen, former Lebanese prime Minister, and leader of “The Future Movement”, Saad Hariri, and the leader of the Lebanese Druze Community and Chairman of Lebanon´s Progressive Socialist Party, Walid Jumblatt.
Hariri´s implication became publicly known after several covertly recorded audio tapes surfaced. One of the audio tapes and a translation into English were published on nsnbc international. (4
Walid Jumblatt became implicated after a person with close ties to Jordanian intelligence made it public, that Jumblatt was under suspicion for having been involved in the delivery of 50 ton military equipment from the Israeli “Raphael Industry” (5, at a value of approximately 650 million USD to an airfield in the Kurdish administered, Iraqi city Erbil. nsnbc international has written to Raphael Industry, encouraging them to clear the company´s name, but never received a reply.
It is explicitly mentioned, that the delivery took place after Jumblatt was shuttling back and forth between Qatar, Erbil and Turkey. The weapons were reportedly delivered to Western and Qatar backed terrorists in Syria.
Turkey´s position as front-line state and logistic back-land for insurgents in Syria has been weakened by two factors. The arrest of 12 members of the western-backed, internationally banned, al-Qaeda associated terrorist organization Jabhat al-Nusrah, in Turkey, who were in possession of two kg of the lethal Sarin nerve agent and the subsequent confiscation of two kg Sarin from insurgents in Syria, which resulted in demands for heightened security and sharp criticism of the Erdogan administrations support of terrorists in Syria. (6
The mass protests against the Erdogan administration which erupted on 31 June 2013, and which have significantly weakened the Turkish Prime Minister´s position with regard to the Syria war and a joint Gül / Erdogan / US regional project for the “balkanization” of Turkey. (7
Israel´s covert war on Syria, a War on the Palestinian and anti-Zionist Resistance. Israel´s involvement in the attempted subversion of Syria has been well documented. Moreover, Israel´s covert war on Syria is a war against the sole Arab nation, which has consequently and consistently supported the Palestinian resistance against Israel´s occupation of Palestine and the Lebanese resistance against Zionist plans for a greater Israel, including parts of Lebanon.
Besides the disclosure, that Israel delivers weapons to insurgents in Syria via straw-men like Jumblatt, there is other, and stronger evidence for Israel´s support of the insurgents, for direct military involvement by Israeli forces on the ground, and not least for the fact, that Israel has been a primary factor behind the planning of the war on Syria, years before the first public demonstrations in Syria in 2011.
In May 2013 an Israeli military vehicle was confiscated near the Syrian city Qasair. The confiscation of the Israeli military vehicle in the city, which later was liberated by Syrian armed forces, aided by Hezbollah who cut of re-supply lines for the insurgents, clearly indicates that Israel has “boots on the ground” in Syria. (8
In June 2013 a UNDOF officer from the withdrawn Austrian Brigade in the Israeli occupied Syrian Golan Highs stated, that Israel provides significant support for terrorists in Syria, that Israel maintains a joint military – terrorist operations room in the Golan, and that Israeli military forces are directly involved in targeting Syrian positions. (9
Dumas implicates top-British officials and Israel in planning Syria War years before 2011. Also in June 2013, the former French Foreign Minister Robert Dumas directly implicated top-British officials and Israel in planning the war on Syria, years before the first public demonstrations and the so-called Arab Spring in 2011. (10
During a TV program on the French station LPC, Dumas said:
“I am going to tell you something. I was in England two years before the violence in Syria on other business. I met with top British officials, who confessed to me, that they were preparing something in Syria”.
Dumas continued, indicating that the subversion and invasion of the Syrian Arab Republic with the help of “rebels” was primarily a British plan, while he carefully avoided implicating himself and France, saying:
“This was in Britain not in America. Britain was organizing an invasion of rebels into Syria. They even asked me, although I was no longer Minister of Foreign Affairs, if I would like to participate. Naturally, I refused, I said I am French, that does not interest me”
There are cohorts of other evidence, that supports, that Israel is one of the primary powers behind the war on Syria. One of the most important reasons for the timing of the war on Syria is closely related to the discovery of the worlds largest, known gas reserves in the Persian Gulf in 2007, and the result of new surveys of gas reserves in the Eastern Mediterranean Levantine, which documented that the gas reserves in the area were 70 % greater than they were previously thought to be.
A joint Iran, Iraq, Syria pipeline project that, if completed, would deliver gas to the Eastern Mediterranean Coast, near the Russian naval base in Tartus, and the fact that Israel would, under no circumstances want to tolerate the political influence Iran and Syria would gain within the European Union, and especially with respect to the E.U.´s policy regarding Palestine, if the E.U., together with the Russian gas delivered via the South Stream pipeline, were to receive more than 45 % of the natural gas it would consume over the coming 100 -120 years from an Iranian, Syrian, Russian cartel. (11 This is one of the primary reasons for the onset of the planning of the war on Syria by Israel and Qatar in 2007, and Hamas, as it will become clear, is deeply involved in it.
The 2007 U-Turn of Hamas and the Sellout of Syria, Palestine and Hezbollah.
While it is wrong to state, that Hamas is “a creation of Israel” it is correct that Israel has covertly supported Hamas and that “some leading Hamas members” have cooperated with Israel through Qatar. The logic behind Israel´s support of Hamas, not only as a social and religious organization but as a militant force was, that a strong Islamic Party and resistance movement, with roots within the Muslim Brotherhood, was the perfect instrument for weakening the progressive resistance, including progressive factions within the Fatah movement, the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP), the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), the Syrian backed As Saika (Vanguard), and the Syrian backed Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command (PFLP-GC). Syrian and Iranian support of Hamas was a support of the axis for the Liberation of Palestine and the anti-Zionist axis which also included Hezbollah and Al-Jamaa al-Islamiya.
In 2007, Qatar and Israel through Qatar, succeeded at turning two members of this axis away from Iran and Syria. By the means of significant economic incentives and agreements regarding the restructuring of a post-Syria war Middle East, Qatar (and Israel) succeeded at turning Lebanon´s Al-Jamaa al-Islamiya and Palestinian Hamas away from Iran and Syria and toward a re-alignment with the Qatar-based international chapter of the Muslim Brotherhood. During the same period, Turkey´s Foreign Minister Davotoglu received USD 10 billion from Qatar, which were to be spent on preparing the Turkish Muslim Brotherhood for a war on Syria.
The re-alignment of al-Jamaa al-Islamiya with Qatar´s Muslim Brotherhood, which is deeply infiltrated by the British Foreign Intelligence Service MI 6 and the Palestinian Hamas should primarily weaken Hezbollah and Syria, but ultimately also the regional influence of Iran.
Hamas however, having its primary office in Damascus, could not openly admit that they had re-aligned themselves with Qatar. The re-alignment was a well-kept secret until 2011.
Hamas – Baptism of Treason. One of the first covert operations, which Hamas was involved in, and which should seed the ground for a war on Syria, was its involvement in facilitating the murder on prominent Turkish Muslim Brothers who were opposed to the Turkish Muslim Brotherhoods involvement in the planned, covert war on Syria.
Mavi Marmara. The operation took place on board the Turkish registered Gaza Freedom Flotilla vessel Mavi Marmara, which was stormed by Israeli troops, in open waters, in an act of piracy. Involved in planning the operation were key Hamas members, as well as Israeli and Turkish / NATO intelligence, and the known NATO double agents and al-Qaeda – LIFG members Harati and Belhadj. Abedlhakim Belhadj was later to become the military governor of Tripoli, Libya, and commander of the Libyan brigades which fought the Syrian armed forces in the battles for Homs in June and July 2012 (12
Hamas Leaves Syria. After a Palestinian source with ties to Palestinian and Syrian Intelligence denounced Hamas for treason against Palestine and Syria, in February 2012, Hamas hastily vacated its Damascus office. The last Hamas official to vacate the Damascus office was Imad al-Amadi.
On his return to Gaza, Imad al-Hamadi let himself be celebrated as a national hero. Not a word was abut Hamas realignment with Qatar. Not a word was said about the betrayal of the axis of resistance. Not a word was said about the involvement in the Mavi Marmara killings. The official reason Hamas gave for vacating the Damascus office was, that “the decision was based on the Syrian government´s crack-down against protesters”. (13
Another fact that was not mentioned for Palestinians, other than to a select group of Hamas members belonging to the pro Qatar fraction of Hamas was, that the fraction was responsible for the murder on numerous Hamas members who opposed their treason. In some cases these liquidations were blamed on, or in fact carried out by Israel´s Mossad.
One such murder was the murder of one of the the deputies of former Hamas senior commander Mahmud al-Mabhuh, Kamal Hussein Ghannaja in is apartment in a Damascus suburb in June 2012. (14
What was not mentioned during the “return of the Hamas heroes” either, was that at least a strong fraction within Hamas, led by Khaled Meshal, had agreed on the Qatar (and Israeli) endorsed establishment of a Palestinian state in Gaza, while rendering the greatest part of the West Bank and East Jerusalem to Israel, with small, walled, remaining Palestinian enclaves in the West Bank coming under Jordanian jurisdiction with a form of Palestinian autonomy.
Selling out the West Bank for a Hamas / Muslim Brotherhood Caliphate in Gaza. What the Hamas fraction, loyal to Qatar (and Israel), and led by Meshal had agreed to was, what the author, in another article described as Israel´s Final Solution.(15 The plan involves:
The annexation of the greatest part of the West Bank and East Jerusalem by Israel. Small, remaining, walled Palestinian enclaves are planned to go under Jordanian jurisdiction, with a certain degree of autonomy granted for the residents in the enclaves. An official Israeli document confirms, Israel allocates no more than 0.7 % of the West Bank to Palestinians. (16
The annexation of parts of Southern Lebanon and the annexation of the Syrian Golan Highs. The resettlement of Palestinians from the West Bank to Southern Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. The establishment of a Palestinian state, which eventually will be recognized by Israel, in the Gaza Strip and the Gaza Strip only.
This Hamas / Muslim Brotherhood led Palestinian State in Gaza would be economically dependent on Egypt and Israel, and would become integrated into an Egyptian Free Trade Zone (with substantial Qatari and Israeli investments ) in the Sinai. One of the preparatory steps was taken in August 2012, when Hamas, against the protest and warnings of most other Palestinian fractions, declared Gaza a “Liberated Zone”. (17
The Straw that Breaks the camel´s Back. Hamas “Demands” that Hezbollah Leaves Syria. The final evidence for the fact, that at least a leading and strong fraction of Hamas has chosen to side with Qatar´s war on Syria and the Western / Zionist plan for a Greater Israel, with a Palestinian State in Gaza, and Gaza only, was the public statement of the leading Hamas official Dr. Abou Marzook, in which he “demands” that Hezbollah leaves Syria.
It is inconceivable that Dr. Abou Marzook is unaware of the strategic significance of Hezbollah´s solidarity and strategic alliance with Syria against the neo-colonialist and Zionist war project against Syria.
It is also inconceivable, that an experienced politician an intellectual like Dr. Abou Marzook does not know the importance of the national integrity and security of Syria for the anti-colonialist and anti-Zionist alliance and for the survival of the Palestinian State, be it within the borders of 1948 or 67.
It is also inconceivable, that Dr. Abou Marzouk would be making such a statement, even on Facebook, without him having the approval of and without the statement being concurrent with the leadership of Hamas.
The Statement will be the last straw, that will break “A” camel´s back. The question is, which camel ?
Provided, that the people of Palestine, the political fractions as well as patriotic members of Hamas recognize the significance and the full implications of Marzook´s statement and the underlying politics, and provided that this recognition is transformed into a renewed resistance, it may very well be, that it is the back of the camel of the Zionist – neo-colonialist, anti-Palestinian and anti-Syrian alliance that will be broken. Ultimately, that would include the Hamas fraction that decided to sell Palestine and Syria for power in Gaza. It is Hamas, and Hamas only, that can purge those members who are betraying Palestine.
Provided, that such response fails to manifest, and provided, that Hamas succeeds at further dividing the anti-colonialist, anti-Zionist, anti-Palestinian and anti-Syrian alliance, and provided Syria falls, it will be the back of Palestine that will be broken beyond repair.
The existence of Palestine, as a sovereign state, within borders that are drawn according to international law, has never been as threatened as it is today. The primary sources of this threat is Zionism and a strong enemy within. It is a Hamas, that has aligned itself with the forces of Zionism and neo-colonialism, against Syria, Hezbollah, solidarity and against the axis of resistance.
Mystery about Germany´s Gold in the US Solved
Nobody wants to admit it openly. The German Gold Reserves in the United States are gone, used for financing the United States war chest and bet for “Global Full Spectrum Dominance”. So why is even the German Federal Bank trying to avoid further speculation by referring to a non-existent “full transparency” ? The answer is quite simple. Nobody wants the current backwardation of the gold market to turn into a permanent backwardation of the gold market. The consequence would be the inevitable collapse of global trade and civilization as we know it.
nsnbc international report from April 2013 “in the money” – “to take to the bank”. In April 2013, nsnbc international published a report by nsnbc contributor, Prof. Long Xinming, revealing that the German government had asked to visit the vaults of the US Federal Reserve to determine the actual existence of the German gold reserves.
Germany has deposited about half of its gold reserves in the USA. The FED refused to permit Germany to examine its own gold, stating “security” and “no room for visitors” as reasons. Nothing else.
When Germany finally was “permitted” an audit, the auditors were admitted into the vault´s anté chamber where 5 or 6 gold bars were shown to them as “representative for Germany´s holdings”.
The German auditors apparently returned a second time, when the FED granted them permission to “look into” 1 of 9 rooms without allowing them to enter or touch the gold, before the auditors were sent back home to Germany. The report on nsnbc prompted worldwide discussions.
In July 2013, the US American hedge-fund manager William Kaye created a stir when he picked-up the ball, stating:
” Germany won´t ever see its gold again…… Central Banks, such as the FED, where most of the reserves had been deposited, had lent the gold to U.S. Banks such as Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan.
The gold has been used in the market to lower the gold price and the FED has received securities in exchange…. Germany won´t ever see that gold again, because it is safely kept in my accounts and the accounts of our investors”.
William Kaye, who previously has been working for Goldman Sachs is by no means a “nobody” on the global markets, and the fact that his statement caused a stir was less surprising than the surprise non-insiders got when they heard the news about Germany´s gold. In fact, nsnbc´s initial report was doubted by many but was, as it turned out right “in the money”, one could, so to speak, take our report to the bank.
German Federal Bank. A Real Embarrassment and Non-Existent Transparency. Not surprisingly either, is the fact that the situation became an embarrassment for the German Federal Bank, Deutsche Bundesbank (DB).
A DB speaker said, that the Deutsche Bundesbank told the German financial publication “Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten” (German Market News), that the DB does not want to comment on the statement and referred to the full transparency which it had provided about the German gold reserves in January 2013. “The situation” said the DB spokesperson, “has remained unchanged since then”. The statement however, was only 50 % true. The true 50 % of the statement is, that the Deutsche Bundesbank does not want to comment.
The untrue 50 % is the statement about the purported full transparency which the DB has provided in January 2013. While it is understandable that it is an embarrassment that one´s purported “ally“, whom many Germans consider more of a political, economical, cultural and not to forget military occupier rather than an ally, has the audacity to put Germany´s auditors off with “no place for visitors” and shows them 1 of 9 chambers, “but don´t enter and touch” after protests from Berlin, is understandable.
After all, no German functionary would ever be allowed to, and no German politician in his right mind would ever dare to say, that “Germany still has not regained its full sovereignty”without risking the carrier – or more.
But talking about full transparency is equivalent to literally ask for trouble from one´s compatriots.
The demand that Germany repatriate its physical gold reserves is becoming increasingly outspoken, and not only among German patriots and conservatives like Member of Parliament for the Christian Social Union, CSU, Peter Gauweiler.
After all, it can hardly have escaped the DB spokesperson and German as well as international observers, that Germany´s Federal Accounting Office has issued a statement in late 2012, in which it criticized the Deutsche Bundesbank because it had not ever had any of its staff to personally audit the German gold reserves abroad. That is, “Not Ever”.
No Audit of German Reserves “Ever”. Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten (German Market News) also asked the DB spokesperson whether any of the German Federal Bank´s officials has ever taken to Paris or the USA to personally audit the German gold reserves. The DB spokesperson replied, or rather tried to avoid answering the question, saying:
“The Deutsche Bundesbank has, with regard to the storage, appropriate storage and deposit contracts with those Central Banks with whom the gold is being deposited”.
He then added, that these contracts, however, were subject to confidentiality, and by the way, he added,
“the Chair for Cash, Settlements and Payment Systems of the Deutsche Bundesbank, Carl-Ludwig Thiele had said in January that he had been there”.
Given this answer, the journalist probably knew that his job would be entering the “Danger Zone” if he would have asked:
” Was there ? Where ? In France ? In New York ? Did Herr Carl-Ludwig Thiele inspect the gold and how much was there ? Is it documented anywhere ? Can I see a copy ? I mean, we are speaking about full transparency right ? ”
An ode to independent media! So, the poor German journalist could keep his job, the Bundesbank spokesperson was proud about his evasive PR skills and that he could keep his job, and we remain in the dark. Everybody is happy. Right ? Business as usual !
The effect of the Deutsche Bundesbank´s complicity in covering-up the obvious theft of Germany´s gold reserves by Germany´s occupying ally USA, the United States blatant arrogance in dealing with his “Trans-Atlantic Partners in Germany” however is beginning to backfire.
How much longer the scandal can be contained is becoming increasingly questionable, and Germans begin to organize themselves to demand the repatriation of the country´s gold reserves.
A group of renown Germans, including the member of the European Taxpayers Association, Rolf Baron von Hohenhau, Peter Boehringer of the German Precious Metals Society, M.P. Frank Scäffler, Author and former IBM Germany CEO, Prof. Hans O. Henkel, Ralf Flier, the Editor in Chief of Smart Investor Magazine, and numerous others have organized themselves in the Association “Repatriate Our Gold” (Holt unser Gold Heim)
The Co-Initiator of the Initiative, Peter Boehringer, states that he considers it absolutely plausible, that the German gold reserves no longer exist within the USA in terms of physical gold bars. Moreover, Boehringer states, that one can strongly suspect it. Boehringer concludes:
“We do believe the Deutsche Bundesbank in its statements, but we do not believe that the Bundesbank can believe what its contractual partners say. The Deutsche Bundesbank simply cannot be sure, that the gold reserves still are present at the FED in the form of gold bars” .
“The Bundesbank does not even officially claim this, or cannot prove the physical presence according to appropriate principles of accounting. The Bundesbank has officially informed us, that the depots and Partner Central Banks have a marvelous integrity, and that the doubts, which we have forwarded in the form of questions, are unsubstantiated”.
He then, correctly remarks the fact which the Bundesbank obviously attempts to omit, which is, that the FED has not performed any official audit of its gold holdings since 1953, and the fact that the Americans they don´t even trust the FED. Ask any US citizen in any major city in the USA and ask: “Can the FED be trusted?”. If you can ask the question with a straight face, people will either believe that you are retarded or that you are part of a new “Candid Camera show”.
Repatriate Our Gold therefore demands, that the Deutsche Bundesbank publishes all the lists with the gold bar numbers of gold bars, which are deposited abroad as well as in Germany.
The question one may ask is, whether the publication of the gold bar numbers would add any credibility to the claims that the gold is physically present, and the ultimate proof can only be given by a full inspection, rather than a dog and pony show, in which German auditors at the fed are shown one out of nine vaults “but don´t enter and don´t touch”. Repatriate Our Gold is therefore still insisting on a full, physical audit of the gold.
Repatriate Our Gold warns, that the repatriation of the German gold reserves from the USA and France by 2020, as the Bundesbank states it would, is far from sufficient. Boehringer states, that the Bundesbank seem to be betting on time because, as he states:
“If German gold reserves really have been used as collateral, one will first have to buy them back”.
And here, Boehringer is touching the most touchy of issues. It is correct, that the FED would first have to buy the gold before it could deliver, but the trouble is, that the gold-market has been in backwardation since early July 2013. To buy gold requires that there is someone who is able and willing to sell gold, and with the market being in backwardation that is impossible.
According to a nsnbc international report with World Bank whistleblower Karen Hudes, we may be facing a global currency war as corruption at the World Bank unsettles the gold market. Karen Hudes has worked 20 years as legal counsel at the World Bank´s legal department. Hudes was sacked in retaliation after she blew the whistle and reported massive corruption in the Bretton Woods institutions.
Hudes has since been reinstated, but the US administration continues its retaliation, and is, as a stakeholder analysis shows, under arrest of a conglomerate or megabank, has Hudes describes it, which prevents that the USA begins to comply with international accounting standards.
Already in May, Hudes warned that the consequence of failure to address the problems would be a permanent backwardation of the gold market and a global currency war that would, one started, grind world trade to a standstill. Moreover, Hudes states:
“A stakeholder analysis derived from accurate game theory modeling shows a clear fork in the road for the United States: rule of law and the transatlantic alliance or corruption and the ascendency of China.”
It may very well be that the United States and Germany, the FED and the Deutsche Bundesbank perceive it as being in their shared interest to cover-up the fact that Germany´s gold is gone, that:
” Germany won´t ever see its gold again…… Central Banks, such as the FED, where most of the reserves had been deposited, had lent the gold to U.S. Banks such as Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan. The gold has been used in the market to lower the gold price and the FED has received securities in exchange…. Germany won´t ever see that gold again, because it is safely kept in my accounts and the accounts of our investors”.
as William Kaye said it. The shared interest would in that case be the attempt to prevent the permanent backwardation, the subsequent currency war and the grinding of world trade to a hold. The problem for both the FED and the Bundesbank is, that the “Gini has left the bottle”, the truth is out and no complicity of silence will make it return into the bottle on its own volition. More simplified: “How to get the paste back into the tube?”.
When push comes to shove we will see that the German gold and the gold of numerous other countries who deposited their gold in the USA after WW II has been used to line the pockets of the US military industrial complex and has financed the US bet for global, full-spectrum dominance. Not surprisingly, many, especially older Germans come to think “Dresden and Pforzheim” when they are confronted with that fact.
French Africa Policy Damages African and European Economies.
Since the independence of the former French colonies in western Africa they are in spite of the richness of their natural resources and the productivity of their populations still catastrophically under-developed.
In 2007 the French and European economies began deteriorating into a devastating recession. France seems to be like a man who is standing at the edge of a cliff, transfixed by the thought of falling into the abyss. In fear of losing the lucrative racket of controlling the western African economies he forgets that there is Terra firma and a possibility for both French, European and African prosperity behind him. Africans and leading European politicians expected that the administration of President Hollande would bring much-needed change with respect to French control over the economies of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, the Republic of Congo, Senegal and Togo. However, also Hollande´s administration seems to be so transfixed by the prospect of falling into the abyss that it does not fathom the possibility of taking one step back.
Will France remain transfixed in fear and drag western Africa and Europe with it when it falls or does it dare to loosen up its grip on control over the good old CFA racket in its former colonies and discover the true potential and value of the African markets. As painful as it may be, the primary prerequisite for a progressive development and prosperity is the truth about the current state of affairs.
The root causes for the lacking development of the western African economies are closely related to the fact that France, contrary to other former colonial powers, managed to install its commissars at the heart of its former colonies economic and monetary system and that it still maintains almost unchallenged control over them. The system was created by German National Socialists during the 1930s and 40s. It was used to usurp France and other German occupied nations.
The Genesis of the CFA-System in Nazi Germany and the German Occupation of France.
On 9 Maj 1941 Hemmen, the German Ambassador to France declared that he had signed a treaty with the French Admiral Darlan. The treaty would place German commissars within the French National Bank´s departments for foreign currencies and international commerce.(1) The treaty was negotiated under the auspices of German Minister of Finance Herman Göring, whose father, Heinrich Ernst Göring has been the German Governor of German West Africa, todays Namibia, from 1885 to 1890. Herman Göring was among other notorious for his plundering the occupied nations’ economies through operations accounts and for his special interest in treasures and art from the German occupied areas.
At the end of world war two and the occupation of France, the French President Charles de Gaulle created the CFA Franc as a currency for the western African colonies. De Gaulle created a monetary union whose functions of control were based on the model Germany had used to usurp German occupied France.
Even though the colonies have since gained independence, the system of almost absolute control over their economies by the installment of commissars with the Central Banks of the West African Monetary and Economic Unions, the B.E.A.C., the B.C.C., and the B.C.E.A.O. persists.
Modo-Colonialism, the Veto Right by French Commissars over African Economies.
Together, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, the Republic of Congo, Senegal and Togo, establish the Monetary and Economic Union of West Africa (U.M.E.O.A. / UMEAO. Their currency, the CFA-Franc is printed under supervision of the French National Bank in Charmaliéres, France. The Council of Presidents of the fifteen U.M.E.O.A. member states constitutes the highest authority of the union. Decisions of the Presidential Council are made unanimously. The Ministerial Council of the U.M.E.O.A. defines the monetary and credit policy of the union and it is responsible for the economic development of the region. According to the constitutions of all fifteen member states the creation of their currency, the regulation of its value as well as the regulation of parities and modalities is the exclusive privilege of the nation and its people and decisions about it are made by the parliament.
The placement of French commissars within the heart of the nations and the union`s banking system however, creates an obvious dichotomy between the apparent sovereignty of the union, its constituents, and direct control from the previous colonial power.
Three of the thirteen of the Directors of the B.E.A.C. are French and four of the eight Directors of the B.C.C. are French. The Board of Directors of the B.C.E.A.O. is constituted by sixteen Directors; two from each country plus two additional Directors from France who take part in the management of the bank under the same conditions and with the same privileges as the other Directors. The number and placement of the commissars gives them a Veto right at the board of each of the Central Banks. No decision can be made without their approval and France can enforce its policy by threatening to deadlock the economies unless decisions are made in compliance with French suggestions.
The French Veto right also extends to the nomination of the Governor of the B.E.A.C.. The Governor is elected with the unanimous vote of the Board of Directors, on suggestion of the government of Gabon, and after the approval of the other member states as well as France.(2)
The Central Bank does not only have the privilege to create the currency. It also has the privilege to grant credit for the current accounts of the national treasuries at its discount rate. The Board of Directors is making the decisions about the temporalities and about the total amount that is granted for financing the economies of each of the member states.
Feeding France, Bleeding Africa – Current Accounts and the System of Usurpation.
While the primary instrument of control is the installment of French commissars, the primary instrument for usurping the western African economies is their current accounts. The member states agree to deposit their foreign currency reserves in a shared reserve fond.
The foreign currency reserves are subject to deposition in an operations account at the French National Bank. Between 1945 and 1973 one hundred per cent of the foreign currency reserves had to be deposited in the operations account, in 1973 it was reduced to sixty-five, and on 27. September 2005 to fifty percent. (3) Another fifteen percent is kept in a guaranty fund.
In other words sixty-five per cent of all foreign currency reserves of the fifteen nations and all revenue generated outside of the unions territory is kept at the French National Bank. On 3 Mai 2010 the website of Jeune Afrique quotes the former French Minister of Finance and Commerce, Christine Lagarde: “The Bank of the States of Central Africa, for instance, places an almost 90 per cent of their reserves in the French National Bank”. (4)
In 1960 Jean Boissonat, a member of the currency committee of the French National Bank wrote: “Almost all decisions were made in France .. The Franc Zone allowed France to deliver certain natural resources to itself without having to spend any foreign reserves. It was estimated that this represented two hundred and fifty million US-Dollar savings in terms of foreign reserves per year …” Boissonat continues by stating that approximately half a million Frenchmen in Paris receive their means of survival from the Franc Zone.(5)
The French socialist Jean-Noël Jeanny wrote in 1963 that: “all that the African nations achieve by increasing their export is the generation of more foreign currency reserves for France”.(6) He could as well have added “and the creation of debt for themselves”. Beside profiting on African foreign currency reserves which are returned to the West African nations in the form of debt, France is also profiting from African gold.
The gold reserves of the fifteen nations are kept in France, supposedly to guaranty for the value of the CFR Franc. In 2001 the West-African gold reserves at the French National Bank had an estimated value of 206,528 billion CFR Franc. In an interview for Le Liberation in 1996 the late President of Gabon, Omar Bongo said: “We are in the Franc Zone. Our operations accounts are managed by the French National Bank in Paris. Who profits from the interests that our money generates ? France.” (7)
France is indebting and enslaving Africans by means of Africa’s own wealth; for example: 12.0000 billion invested at three per cent creates 360 billion in interests which France grants as credits to Africa at an interest rate of five to six per cent or more. The allegory of “Bleeding Africa and Feeding France” is no exaggeration, not alarmist, and not revolutionary. It it is a sobering fact of French modo-colonialism and the cost in terms of under-development and human suffering is staggering. The current accounts and the French usurpation are a humanitarian disaster that is induced by France and financed by those who are suffering from it.
Coups, Crisis and French Finance-Nazism in Africa.
In 1996 France devalued the CFR Franc in spite of the protest of most western African nations. Former French Prime Minister Eduard Balladour justified the French dictated devaluation of the CFR Franc because “ it was considered to be the best possibility for aiding the development of the western African countries” (8), even though another statement by Balladoure indicates that he was aware of that the regulation of a currency is a matter of national sovereignty(9).
The late President of Togo, Etienne Gnassingbé said about the devaluation: “One uses to say that violence overrules justice. I was not the only one who issued the warning….. But France has decided otherwise. The African voices don´t count for much in this affair”.(10)
The words of the late Etienne Gnassingbé indicate that the Bleeding of Africa can be taken literally. According to the statutes of the monetary and economic union every member state is free to leave it. So much to theory. In practice, France has left a trail of post-modern coup d´etats, violence, and murder in those nations who tried to get out from under what many West-Africans perceive as French Finance-Nazism in Africa.
In January 1963 the President of Togo, the late Sylvanus Olympio was murdered three days before the issuing of a new currency.
On 19. November 1968 the late President of Mali Modibo Kéita was ousted in a coup and arrested. In 1977 Modibo Kéita died in prison. Kéita was poisoned.
On 27. January 1996 the President of Mali was ousted in a military coup d´etat.
On 15. March 2003 the late President of the Central African Republic Angè Félix Patassé was ousted by the “rebel leader” Francois Bozizé. In all cases the monetary union and France have played a role.
Ivory Coast´s President Laurent Gbagbo, France, the ICC and Modo-Colonialism.
When Laurent Gbagbo became the President of Ivory Coast one of his first official initiatives was the erection of a concrete wall in the tunnel that connects the French Embassy with the Presidential Residence. Gbagbo wanted Ivory Coast to abandon the CFA and institute a new regional and if possible a Pan-African, gold-backed currency. The initiative toward the establishment of a gold-backed Pan-African currency enjoyed the sympathy of many African nations and enjoyed unequivocal support from Libya, which until the so-called Arab Spring in 2011 was the richest and most developed of all African nations.
As if it was a conditioned reflex, France seemed transfixed by is fear of falling into the abyss, of losing the CFR racket that has kept the French economy afloat since it was conceived by de Gaulle in 1945. Rather than seeing a potential, France was biding its time until an opportunity for a post-modern coup d´etat. The 2010 Presidential elections in Ivory Coast. France sided with Alessanne Outtara. Libyan intelligence reports from 2009 and 2010 indicated that the French Intelligence Service D.G.S.E. had begun infiltrating, financing and arming a group of “rebels” in the northern region of Ivory Coast.
The outcome of the Presidential election was apparently very close. The electoral commission declared Alessanne Outtara the winner but the election result was disputed by Laurent Gbagbo.
There had been registered serious irregularities. In one particular village with a population of approximately ten thousand, Alessanne Outtara seemed to have received almost one hundred thousand votes.
Western mainstream media began building a narrative: The electoral commission had declared Outtara to be the winner. The despotic Laurent Gbagbo refused to hand over the reins of power to the winner of the elections. Gbagbo is cracking down on peaceful protesters. Gbagbo is cornered in his bunker…
What western media generally failed to report, underreported, or conveyed in a distorted and strongly biased fashion was that: Laurent Gabgbo and his party had brought the case to the Supreme Court; that the Supreme Court of Ivory Coast had recounted the votes; that the Supreme Court had taken notice of election fraud in favor of Outtara; and that the Supreme Court of Ivory Coast had declared Laurent Gbagbo to be the winner of the elections and the rightfully elected President of Ivory Coast. That French backed guerrilla began attacking predominantly pro-Gbagbo villages, committing massacres, and that French backed “rebels” were attacking the Presidential Residence.
What was emphatically reported in French and western media like the BBC was that “security forces” clamped down on peaceful protesters, and that “Ouattara´s Army” is cornering “Gbagbo in his bunker”.(11)
Nobody seemed to ask the important question. Where in the world had Outtara, who just claimed to have won the elections gotten an “army” from ?
It is symptomatic for the high prevalence of racism and condescending modo-colonialist reasoning among European populations that only very few commentators and analysts said:
“But the electoral commission is not the one who has the competence to approve of election results, it is the Supreme Court”.
A comparison can illustrate the point: When George W. Bush and Al Gore had the closest of all elections that have been held in the United States of America; who certified the election ? The Supreme Court, of course. (12)
Many Americans felt utterly disenfranchised but the population respected the Supreme Court. Could anyone have even thought about the remote possibility of “Al Gore´s Army cornering Bush in his Bunker” of “Gore neglecting the Supreme Court because the electoral commission had pronounced him to be the winner ?” And where in the world would Al Gore have gotten his army from Anyways ? And where did Alessanne Outtara get his army from ?
The capture of Laurent Gbagbo cost the lives of approximately 1.600 young Ivorian soldiers. Young patriots who were willing to defend the President of Ivory Coast from the onslaught of a French-backed post-modern coup d´etat. The capture an arrest of President Laurent Gbagbo was possible only after French special forces violated international law by blasting a hole into the wall which Laurent Gbagbo had erected inside the tunnel that connects the French embassy with the Presidential residence.
The sealed boxes with the ballots from the 2010 elections are kept at the United Nations. So far U.N. Secretary General Ban Kyi-moon has failed to order an independent re-count of the ballots. The fact that the United Nations has so far failed to re-count the ballots to determine the legitimacy of either Laurent Gbagbo´s or Alessanne Outtara´s claim for the Ivorian Presidency, combined with the selective and one-sided prosecution of Laurent Gbagbo at the ICC and of military officers who were loyal to him in 2010 is symptomatic for grave systemic and procedural problems at the United Nations and the International Criminal Court at The Haag. The case against Laurent Gbagbo ought to have been dismissed on the basis of selective prosecution from the very start. His prosecution at the ICC after French involvement in the aggravation of post-election violence in Ivory Coast and the arrest with the aid of French special forces is a blatant example for the abuse of the ICC as an instrument of modo-colonialist control. The most recent selectively prosecuted case is that against General Dogbo Ble in Ivory Coast. Also here western media are de-facto sentencing a political opponent of modo-colonialism before he is even heard in court.(13)
A recent analysis of the systemic and political problems with the ICC, the United Nations, the Rome Statute and the explosion of international law at its very root by Dr. Hans Köchler (14) reads as if it was written to elicit the injustice that is being perpetrated against Laurent Gbagbo and the people of Ivory Coast.
Missed Chances for African and European Economies and the Urgency of Change.
A growing number of African and European leaders are becoming impatient about the paralysis of France. African leaders are impatient because the obvious usurpation of their nations is unbearable for the African economies and their populations. European leaders are mostly impatient because France prevents a European adaptation to the last decades geopolitical changes in Africa and because the crisis of the Euro requires initiative rather than stagnation. Failure to integrate the western African economies into the economic sphere of Europe is bound to have devastating long term consequences for both Africa and Europe.
China has recognized the colossal market potential of a developing African middle class. The French and Trans-Atlantic model of usurpation and subjugation is not only criminal and unethical, it is also uncompetitive.
Recent statements made by the French political heavyweight Jacques Chiraq, who said that France does not have to be a benefactor, it must merely stop usurping Africa, are indicating a potential for change. Chiraq stated that failure to change French-African relations can have catastrophic consequences. 2012 Presidential candidate Jean Luc Mélenon stated that the CFA represents the severe mistake not to tie the western African economies to the economies of the European Union. Mélenon demanded that France abandons its veto right at the Boards of the African Central Banks.
The European Council stated that France is blocking for any project of the European Central Bank that attempts to change the nature or the bearing of the French involvement in the western African Central Banks. The French approach to managing French-African relations is not only bleeding Africa. It is increasingly bleeding both the French and European economies who are missing out on the market potential of an emerging African middle class.
Some political analysts have suggested the establishment of an African-European Peace and Reconciliation Commission that is dealing with the crimes of the past, the building of trust, the review of highly politicized cases at the International Criminal Court, such as the prosecution of Ivoryan President Laurent Gbagbo to ease a transition toward new African-European relations.
The question for this and the coming year is whether France will continue standing at the edge of the cliff and fall while dragging both western Africa and Europe into the abyss together with it, or if it dares to listen to the voices of reason from Africa and its European partners, turn its gaze away from the abyss and see that there is fertile land, right behind it.
“We want to express our recognition and gratitude to Prof. Nicolas Agbohou. The historical context of the article and references about it are inspired by his speech at the Conference on African-French Relations in Paris City Hall, on 09 October 2012. – NSNBC International.”
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Turkey’s Constitutional Court Removes Minimun Legal Age Clause: More Child Brides Coming
Turkey’s Constitutional Court annulled legislation that prohibits all sexual acts with minors under the age of 15 as sexual abuse. The Court’s ruling caused outrage among rights activists and academics. A study conducted by researchers at Gaziantep University revealed that one in every three marriages in Turkey is child marriage.
The Constitutional Court ruled on the issue after a district court complained that the current law does not discriminate between age groups in cases of child sex abuse. In practice, the law makes no difference regardless whether an adult has sex with a 14-year old or a 4-year old.
The district court noted that the law does not provide legal consequences for the “consent” of victims in cases where the child victim is from 12 to 15 years of age and able to understand the meaning of the sexual act.
The District Court added that: “This creates an imbalance between legal benefits and sanctions that should be preserved in crime and punishment”. In a 7 – 6 decision the judges at the Constitutional Court agreed with the District Court and annulled the provision. The new (old) rules will come into effect on January 13, 2017.
The ruling prompted protests from women’s rights activist, child rights activists as well as from prominent academics who stress that all persons under the age of 18, under international conventions to which Turkey is a party, are children.
Nazan Moroğlu, the coordinator od the Istanbul Women’s Association and lawyer criticized the Constitutional Court for even considering the District Court’s application in the first place. Moroğlu stressed that the ruling will lead to children being vulnerable to sexual abuse and rape and will lead to more female children getting married at an early age without getting an education.
She added that the problem with child brides is already acute in Turkey, noting that there are some 3.5 million of them already and that the ruling guaranteed that their numbers will increase.
Sabit Aktas, the head of the Child Rights Center of the Ankara Bar Association, warned that many children will be affected and suffer due to the Constitutional Court’s decision. Aktas said:
“We can foresee what this decision will bring about. Those jurists who are distant from society in their ivory towers should go to courtrooms to see and hear what those children go through when describing their experiences. They should only make a ruling on this issue after doing that”.
In 2013 the Turkish AKP government under the then Prime Minister R. Tayyip Erdogan adopted the so-called 4+4+4 educational system for Turkey. A large number of Turkish experts in social sciences and education stressed that this new educational law especially encourages young Turkish girls to leave school at a very early age rather than seeking education.
Statistics from 2013 showed that 853 women were murdered in the last four years; 15% of them were killed because they wanted to divorce, 66% were killed by their ex-husbands or boyfriends. 12.5% were killed by their husbands, even though they filed a complaint and were provided with protection by the state. Violence against women in Turkey is more prevalent in the countryside where girls more often are taken out of school at an earlier age and where child marriages are more common.
In October 2013 a study conducted by researchers a Gaziantep University revealed that one in every three marriages in Turkey is a child marriage. The marriage of Turkish child brides to older men has repeatedly led to fatal tragedies. Among the most known cases in 2014 alone, is the death of two so-called child brides.
In January 2014 one 14-year-old teenage girl died from “several” allegedly self-inflicted gunshot wounds in what was declared a suicide. Police investigations suggested that the girl may have been as young as ten or eleven years when she was married away to a significantly older man. In July 2014 the 15-year-old Seter Aslan succumbed to a gunshot wound in what was declared a suicide.
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