Published On: Sat, Oct 26th, 2013

Libya Continues Federalist Fragmentation; Cyrenaica Unveils Government

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Federalists in Bengazi have announced the establishment of the state of Cyrenaica and unveiled the government for the new regional entity.

nsnbc , – Federalists have announced the government of the newly established Cyrenaica in eastern Libya. The 26 person government of the new entity is headed by a prime minister, a deputy prime minister and 24 ministers, the London based Libya Herald (LH) reports. 

1950 Stamp from Cyrenaica

1950 Stamp from Cyrenaica

The new regional entity and government are largely viewed as the creation of the former Petroleum Facilities Guard commander, Ibrahim Jadhran, who according to the LH is leading a blockade of the eastern oil terminals, and who was elected as the head of the self-proclaimed Cyrenaica Council´s Political Bureau on 17 August. Reportedly, it was Jadhran, who has chosen the entities first Prime Minister, Abdraba Abdulhameed Al-Barasi.

Cyrenaica´s Prime Minister, Al-Barasi, reportedly said that the creation of Cyrenaica was caused by the central government´s failures, incompetence and corruption, saying that “they were not to be trusted anymore”.

Subsequent to the NATO and GCC backed coup d etat and the murder of Libya´s head of state, Muammar Gadhafi in 2011, Libya has largely been ruled under the guns of local militia.

Bengazi and Derna have, since the 90s been a hotbed of Al-Qaeda associated militants and Wahhabi / Salafist organizations, backed by Saudi Arabia and with close ties to the CIA. Large parts of the central government in Tripoli, on the other hand, are supported by Qatar, Turkey and the Qatar-based international Muslim Brotherhood.

The fragmentation of Libya has been forecast by analysts since 2011, and the establishment of Cyrenaica largely represents the ongoing struggle between Saudi Arabia and Qatar for regional influence, which the USA, EU and Israel, being the primary beneficiaries.

Prime Minister Al-Barasi reportedly insisted, that the creation of Cyrenaica and the establishment of its government are no secession from Libya.

He added that Cyrenaica was the starting point for establishing stability with Libya being the aim, and he promised swift action to enact it. Alluding to a recent series of assassinations in the region, he added, that without law and order the whole idea of a Cyrenaica government would be meaningless.

The LH reports that the Cyrenaica Council has stated, that the government had been formed after extensive consultations with all segments of civil society in the region. The government would be based in Baida, and it would begin working next week.

Cyrenaica will be divided into four administrative provinces, Ajdabiya, Benghazi, Green Mountain and Tobruk, reports the Libya Herald. Each province would have a ten-member management team to run its affairs initially, and would be further subdivided into municipalities.

While the new administration reportedly includes tribal representatives, there are no women in the team. The situation of women with regards to women’s rights and women´s participation in Libyan politics has deteriorated alarmingly since 2011.

The new government was formed without women, even though a recent UN Security Council resolution explicitly asked all UN member states to increase the participation of women, especially in conflict resolution and post-conflict political processes.

A spokesperson for the congress of Tripoli´s central government, Omar Hemidan, has told the Libya Herald that the announcement of the “so-called Cyrenaica Region” was illegal. Hemidan blamed those behind the establishment of the regional government of exploiting the failings of the government´s performance.

The key oil facilities of Libya are located in the region, and analysts expect that there are strong foreign forces behind the establishment of the regional government. The Libya Herald informs that the following persons have been selected as members of the government:

  1. Faraj Omar Al-Abdli (Deputy of the Executive Office);
  2. Colonel Adam Ali Urufi (Interior);
  3. Abdulhammed Saleh Al-Hayash (Islamic Affairs);
  4. Abdulmalek Zway (Wealth and Minerals);
  5. Riad Anwar Shenib (Economy and Commerce);
  6. Alameen Attaya Al-Minifi (Industry);
  7. Jibril Razqallah Al-Awami (Planning);
  8. Mohamed Al-Mabrouk Buqaiqis (High education and Search);
  9. Mohamed Yousef Fanoush (Education);
  10. Fatthallah Mohamed Taher Al-Drisi (Public Service);
  11. Faraj Abdel Salam Al-safty Al-Shalawi (Transportation);
  12. Abdulhafeed Burghaia Ubaidi (Agriculture);
  13. Fathi Salem Raheel Ashaba ( livestock and marine);
  14. Mohamed Saad Hammad Qabaili (Housing);
  15. Nasser Eddin Mohna (Health);
  16. Abdel Nasser Suleiman Altbawi (Water and Environment);
  17. Hamad Saad Saaiti (Tourism and Antiquities);
  18. Faraj Hamad Al-Musmari (Wounded people)’
  19. Abdulsalam Ashour Qattani (Culture);
  20. Mansour Salem Khamis Faitori (Communications);
  21. Abdulati Mohamed Al-Fakhri (Electricity);
  22. Tawfiq Uthman Uraibi (Youth and Sport);
  23. Ibrahim Bakar Imdawi (Justice);
  24. Hussam Moamen Naas (Social Affairs).

Ch/L – nsnbc

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