While the western-backed insurgents are suffering a decisive defeat, the stand-off between the West and Russia intensifies. The U.K. and France renew claims that the Syrian government has used chemical weapons, claims which contradict both a UN report and all available circumstantial evidence. Russia reiterates that any direct military intervention will be futile, calls continued support to the insurgents a “dead-end”, and offers to replace the Austrian Battalion in the Israeli occupied Syrian Golan with Russian Troops.
Brokering a peaceful resolution at the second international conference on Syria in Geneva, or even holding the conference, as planned, in June, becoming increasingly improbable, the military build-up and bellicose rhetoric continue to escalate the Middle East toward a Sarajevo-like situation, where one spark can ignite an unstoppable chain reaction.
Insurgents suffering decisive defeats. Insurgents in Syria continue suffering decisive defeats. During the second half of 2012 the Syrian Arab Army successfully began implementing a counter-insurgency strategy which is partially based on Russian experience from fighting insurgents in Chechnya.
Analysts largely agree that the insurgent´s increased introduction of chemical weapons into the theater is a sign of desperation and an attempt to create a political discourse for a western military intervention.
After Hezbollah has begun securing part of the Lebanese – Syrian border, after Iraq´s Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki committed Iraq to increase security along the Iraqi – Syrian as well as along the Saudi-Arabian – Iraqi border, the logistical back-land of the insurgency has been significantly reduced and limited to Jordan, Israel, Kurdish Iraq and Turkey.
A weakened Erdogan – Gül administration due to mass protests in Turkey is already resulting in increased security along the 900 km long Syrian – Turkish border. On 7 June, nsnbc international received the first reports about several shootouts between Turkish police forces and Syrian “rebels”.
The arrest of 12 Jabhat al-Nusrah members who were in possession of metal cylinders, containing 2 kg of the banned Sarin nerve gas, only days before the first mass protests in Turkey on the evening of Friday 31 May indicates, that the Erdogan administration is loosing it´s grip on at least factions within Turkey´s security and law enforcement services and that the Erdogan – Gül administration has to cope with increased opposition to Turkey´s aggression against its Arab neighbor.
The last intact, major fighting force of the insurgents is currently contained in a pocket in the city of Qasair. According to Russia´s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, the majority of those fighters are from European and regional countries.
With logistical supply lines cut of and the Syrian Arab Army slowly and systematically advancing through the upland and suburbs, the situation of the insurgents is becoming increasingly desperate and calls are being made for sending in observers, for emergency relief for injured “civilians” and other appeals.
According to statements from the Syrian Arab Army, it is using all possible precautions to prevent collateral casualties. A high-ranking, retired Turkish military expert who has to remain anonymous, fearing repression, stated to nsnbc international that the city could have been taken long ago, was it not for the fact that the Syrian military is advancing with all possible precaution with regard to international law, knowing that the west is carefully monitoring their advance to gain political advantages and to demand prosecution for war crimes.
Western Chemical Weapons Rhetoric contradicts U.N. Report. After investigating the use of chemical weapons in Aleppo, the United Nations special rapporteur Carla del Ponte stated, that much to her surprise, she could not find any evidence that indicated, that the Syrian Arab Army or government had used chemical weapons, and that she, on the other hand, had found strong circumstantial evidence, that indicated, that the “rebels” repeatedly had used chemical weapons. Moreover, del Ponte stated, it was probable, that the Sarin gas used against civilians in Aleppo had come to Syria via Turkey.
Besides del Ponte´s report, there is strong circumstantial evidence that supports, that the insurgents are using chemical weapons, while there is equally strong circumstantial evidence that suggests, that the Syrian government or military does not use chemical weapons.
Circumstantial evidence against Syria´s use of chemical weapons is among other: The fact that all chemical weapons stockpiles in Syria are under strict control and all weapons and chemicals are registered with serial numbers. No such weapon could for example fall into the hands of “rouge officers”.
All attacks with chemical weapons so far were directed against civilians or Syrian troops. It is highly improbable that the Syrian army would use weapons against itself. With respect to using chemical weapons against the Syrian population, while the national dialog in Syria is making a steady and continuous progress would be equivalent to political suicide.
Considering the risk of an international investigation and eventual war crimes charges brought against members of the Syrian government or military, it is improbable that anyone would take the risk of using chemical weapons. Moreover, the Syrian Arab Army is winning decisive victories without the use of chemical weapons.
There is neither a strategic nor a tactical advantage that could possibly be perceived, that would justify even considering the use of these weapons.
Circumstantial evidence in support of the insurgents using chemical weapons is among other: In February 2013 Malaysian police arrested the former Malaysian military officer Yazzid Sufaat and his female partner Halimah Hussein. Both were charged with aiding and abetting terrorist organizations by recruiting Malaysian youth for mercenary service with al-Qaeda associated terrorists in Syria. In 2001, after returning from Afghanistan, Yazzid Sufaat was charged with helping al-Qaeda with the development of biological and chemical weapons capabilities.
Insurgents have repeatedly brandished their chemical weapons capabilities by issuing public statements as well as by disseminating videos. In one of the videos the insurgents are showing containers with chemicals from the Turkish chemical corporation Tekkim.
The insurgents are killing rabbits with the chemicals and threaten Syrians who don´t support the insurgency. The video is bearing a striking similarity to videos shot in US chemical weapons laboratories.
In several public statements issued by insurgent commanders, statements are made, according to which Saudi-Arabia has provided insurgents with small, portable chemical weapons laboratories. Such reports began surfacing after the decisive defeat of the Free Syrian Army in Aleppo in two major battles, in June and July 2012.
As Iraq´s Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki pointed out Saudi-Arabia reactivated the old smuggling routes which start in the Anbar region. The routes, now used for logistical support of insurgents in Syria and for destabilizing Iraq, were previously used during the US occupation of Iraq. Portable weapons laboratories could easily have been provided along the smuggling route.
In April 2013 insurgents, belonging to Jabhat al-Nusrah, were reported to be fighting along side Turkish ground troops and pilots in the attempt to secure the strategically important Ming air base near Aleppo. Besides the fact that Turkish, that is NATO troops were involved in combat operations against the Syrian Arab Army on Syria territory, the Turkish war crime also ties Turkey to chemical weapons use in Syria.
According to reports from the Syrian military and government, the chemical tipped rocket that had killed civilians in Aleppo had been fired from an area held by the insurgents as well as Turkish ground troops.
It is most likely that UN Special Rapporteur Carla del Ponte has been shown detailed evidence in support of the facts and that it, among other is this evidence that prompted her to state, that much to her surprise, she had seen evidence that indicated that rebels had used chemical weapons in Aleppo, and that the chemical weapon may have come from Turkey.
In late May, Turkish police arrested 12 members of Jabhat al-Nusrah in possession of 2 kg of Sarin gas.Only days later, the Syrian Arab Army secured 2 containers with 2 kg of Sarin gas from insurgents in Syria.
There is an overwhelming amount of evidence in support of insurgents using chemical weapons while the evidence in support of the Syrian military using chemical weapons is basically non-existent other than in the form of rhetorical arguments and questionable or falsified evidence which hardly can be used as a basis for justifying the continued state sponsorship of terrorists or a direct military intervention with regular forces.
French, British and U.S. Chemical Weapons and Humanitarian Intervention Rhetoric Increases Proportionally to Insurgents Defeat. Seemingly unaffected by the facts about chemical weapons, western chemical weapons and human rights rhetoric in support of state-sponsored terrorism and open war on Syria increase proportionally to the insurgents desperation and their decisive defeat.
On Tuesday, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius stated that he had passed an analysis to identify military toxins on to the head of a United Nations inquiry into chemical weapon use in Syria, saying:
“These analysis demonstrate the presence of Sarin gas… In view of this evidence, France is now certain that Sarin gas has been used in Syria several times and in a localized manner”.
Fabius however, forgot to mention that the Syrian government agrees that Sarin gas has been used and that Syria, along with Russia is demanding a full investigation of every single incident by an independent commission of experts.
Investigations of that nature would, with overwhelming probability, result in documentation for the insurgents use of Sarin and Turkish/NATO involvement.
Foreign Minister Fabius has made such an impression on Irish journalist Finian Cunningham, that Cunningham suggests that Fabius begins writing fiction when he retires, suggesting the pen-name Fabulous.
Later, French President Francois Hollande echoed Foreign Minister Fabius and declared:
“We have elements of proof and we urge the international community to act.”
Both Hollande and Fabius stressed, that hey would not act unilaterally and that they would be holding talks with Washington. Fabius also stated, that:
“a line has been indisputably breached… France and its allies must decide whether to react, including in an armed manner…. but at the same time, we must not block for an eventual peace conference“.
The reference to “elements of proof” is not only indicating the fact that Fabius and Hollande are cherrypicking parts of the evidence by correctly stating that Sarin has been used while omitting the overwhelming evidence that supports, that it were the insurgents who have used it.
There is also good reason to suggest that France indeed may be involved in falsifying, or rather creating evidence.
Some of the blood samples which were used by France were “smuggled out of Syria by Le Monde journalists” who claim that the samples had been provided to them by local doctors.
It is a highly questionable “chain of evidence”which most likely would not have standing in any court worse its salt, but it is excellent for rhetoric use and for justifying an illegal war by using a weapon of mass persuasion like Le Monde.
Fabius claims, that he “has no doubt that the Sarin was used by Assad an his accomplices” and French mainstream media will repeat the tale. After all, photos suggesting the hanging of the evil warlord Assad were already disseminated in Danish media in 2012, so France has some catching up to do on the Propaganda Front.
The United Kingdon´s Foreign Office released statements, according to which fluids, that had been collected from victims of one or more of the attacks in Syria were found by scientists at the U.K.´s Porton Down facility, to contain evidence of Sarin gas use.
However, it was also stated, that there could be no 100 % certainty that the Assad regime had used chemical weapons. The British Foreign Office would not even confirm where or when the samples were collected.
Lyall Grant, the U.K.´sAmbassador to the United Nations could merely confirm that “the samples revealed evidence that suggested the use of different chemical agents, sometimes including Sarin, sometime not”.
The head of the UN investigation, Ake Sellstrom issued a statement in which he cautioned that:
“The validity of the information is not ensured in the absence of convincing evidence of the chain of custody of the data that have been collected.“
US President Barak Obama responded to the British and French statements by reiterating that chemical weapons use was a red line but that there are divisions about how far and how fast to proceed against Syria.
After discussing the French and British claims at a meeting of NATO Defense Ministers in brussels on Tuesday, US Secretary of defense Chuck Hagel stated to the press, that he had not seen the evidence and that NATO´s role continues to be to help Turkey with the protection of its borders. Beyond that, so Hagel, we did not discuss additional war plans.
Public support for a possible open war on Syria in the USA is small and French – British rhetoric about Chemical Weapons could eventually result in increased popular support. Keeping the disclosed facts about the Bush administrations lies about Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq in mind however, a WMD / Chemical Weapons rhetoric could as well backfire politically.
Regional War more of a Game Changer in US Public Opinion than Chemical Weapons. US diplomacy in a nutshell could be explains thus:
The USA wants to eliminate Assad as an ally of Iran, without unduly provoking Russia, and is seeking to cook up a replacement regime that is acceptable to Moscow. That given, it is then expected that a destabilized Syria continues creating tensions between the EU and Russia over energy-security. If a destabilization of Syria does not result in sabotaging the further integration of Russian-Iranian-EUropean energy sectors and national economies a regional war is the logical progression.
The widening of the conflict into neighboring Lebanon, Turkey and Iraq or the Golan, and rhetoric about the involvement of Hezbollah could possibly be used for railroading the US´s public opinion toward a reluctant yes for a military intervention if Russia does not play along with the western blackmail attempt.
Both the Republican Senator and Chairman of the US Senate´s Armed Services Committee John McCain and Condoleeza Rice are reportedly lobbying the Obama administration for a US military intervention, using both chemical weapons and the threat of a regional war as primary arguments. That is, arguments for public consumption. So far, non of the involved parties has openly addressed the actual energy-security, geo-politic and economical causes for the war on Syria.
Russia raises Stakes, Offering Russian Troops to substitute Austrian Battalion in the Israeli Occupied Syrian Golan. After Russia warned, that any direct military intervention against Syria would be futile, and that Russia honors the Russian – Syrian contract for the delivery of S-300 SAM systems to introduce a stabilizing factor in the region, Russia´s President Vladimir Putin has sent one more, unequivocal signal to the anti-Syria alliance.
According to the website of the semi state sponsored Russian TV channel RT, Vladimir Putin has said, that Moscow will be sending Russian forces to replace the Austrian battalion that is operating within the UN Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) in the Israeli occupied Syrian Golan is the UN asks Russia. RT quoted Putin for saying:
“Because of the complicated situation in the Golan, we can replace the Austrian units which will withdraw from the area with Russian units in the case all the region´s countries agreed and the UN Secretary General asked to”.
RT also reports, that Putin has said, that the UN Secretary General Ban Kyi-moon has asked Russia during his last visit to the country, to raise the volume of its forces in the UN-organized peace-keeping missions.
Martin Nesirky, the spokesman for UN Secretary General Ban Kyi-moon however, has voiced his gratitude for Russia´s offer but pointed out that the disengagement agreement in the Golan does not permit accepting the Russian suggestion, because the agreement stipulates, that non of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council can deploy peacekeeping forces to the Golan.
Considering it overwhelmingly likely that Russian officials are well aware of the status of the Israeli occupied Syrian Golan and UN troops, Putin´s statement is by many analysts, the scribe included, understood as an implicit warning issued by a shrewd statesman, who wanted to reiterate that any direct military aggression against Syria would be futile and force Russia as well as Iran to respond, and that a continuation of the support of insurgents via the Golan has to be stopped.
The Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has discussed the Golan with the UN Secretary General along with preparations for Geneva 2. In a statement, the Russian Foreign Ministry said, that the two sides had discussed the military and political situation in Syria in terms of the escalating tension in the disengagement area in the Golan.
Russia Reiterates Need for Political Resolution of Syria Crisis while Drawing Clear Line. While Russian top diplomats increasingly assert that the continued support of the insurgents or a military intervention are unacceptable, and while the anti-Syrian alliance seems to do everything to undermine the planned Geneva 2 conference, Russian top diplomats continue their efforts at finding a political resolution.
Russia´s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov stressed the necessity that all international players make efforts to launch the political process in Syria. At a press conference at the Organization of Islamic Cooperation on Friday, Lavrov stated:
“Today we stressed once again that all international players should work for the peaceful settlement to the crisis and create the favorable conditions to launch dialogue between the Syrian government and the opposition”.
Answering journalists questions on U.S. officials statements about the situation in al-Quasair Lavrov replied, “There are several points, most importantly that we have warned of the great dangers of internationalizing the crisis in Syria”.
Lavrov – Most Gunmen are Foreign Fighters. Lavrov stressed, that:
“Hundreds rather than thousands of gunmen are fighting the Syrian army and that those are of European nationalities and from the regions countries, which is why there is increased importance to end the crisis and create favorable conditions to hold the international conference on Syria”.
Lavrov added, that there is information, that foreign experts and trainers have been helping these gunmen, including them in Quasair. Asked about western and other countries condemnation of the Syrian military´s operations against the insurgents in Quasair, Lavrov stated, that such statements are hypocritical and reiterated that:
“Any hypocrisy regarding the international humanitarian law to distort the real picture in al-Quasair is impossible.. In principle, we should understand and determine whether we want to support the political process, in which case everybody should work to launch the dialogue…or we want to change the regime”.
Lavrov ended his statements by reiterating, that “any continuation of the military support of the opposition will lead to nothing and it is a dead end”
Also the Russian President´s Special Envoy to the Middle East, Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov signaled increased Russian assertiveness.
On Friday, Bogdanov stated, that there should be no room for radical forces fighting on Syrian land or in any future settlement for Syria. Bogdanov stated to Russian media, including RT, that Russia and the USA continue meeting at all levels to prepare for a Geneva 2 conference, possibly on 25 June, and that chemical weapons were part of the ongoing discussions.
The Western – Russian Stand-Off over Syria intensifies as “Rebels” suffer a Decisive Defeat, and as France and the UK use ever more desperate propaganda to justify a military intervention or the continued state-sponsorship of terrorism. A new, volatile strategic balance in the Middle East is emerging. Until it is established, small sparks could ignite a regional disaster of historic proportions.
Mystery about Germany´s Gold in the US Solved
Nobody wants to admit it openly. The German Gold Reserves in the United States are gone, used for financing the United States war chest and bet for “Global Full Spectrum Dominance”. So why is even the German Federal Bank trying to avoid further speculation by referring to a non-existent “full transparency” ? The answer is quite simple. Nobody wants the current backwardation of the gold market to turn into a permanent backwardation of the gold market. The consequence would be the inevitable collapse of global trade and civilization as we know it.
nsnbc international report from April 2013 “in the money” – “to take to the bank”. In April 2013, nsnbc international published a report by nsnbc contributor, Prof. Long Xinming, revealing that the German government had asked to visit the vaults of the US Federal Reserve to determine the actual existence of the German gold reserves.
Germany has deposited about half of its gold reserves in the USA. The FED refused to permit Germany to examine its own gold, stating “security” and “no room for visitors” as reasons. Nothing else.
When Germany finally was “permitted” an audit, the auditors were admitted into the vault´s anté chamber where 5 or 6 gold bars were shown to them as “representative for Germany´s holdings”.
The German auditors apparently returned a second time, when the FED granted them permission to “look into” 1 of 9 rooms without allowing them to enter or touch the gold, before the auditors were sent back home to Germany. The report on nsnbc prompted worldwide discussions.
In July 2013, the US American hedge-fund manager William Kaye created a stir when he picked-up the ball, stating:
” Germany won´t ever see its gold again…… Central Banks, such as the FED, where most of the reserves had been deposited, had lent the gold to U.S. Banks such as Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan.
The gold has been used in the market to lower the gold price and the FED has received securities in exchange…. Germany won´t ever see that gold again, because it is safely kept in my accounts and the accounts of our investors”.
William Kaye, who previously has been working for Goldman Sachs is by no means a “nobody” on the global markets, and the fact that his statement caused a stir was less surprising than the surprise non-insiders got when they heard the news about Germany´s gold. In fact, nsnbc´s initial report was doubted by many but was, as it turned out right “in the money”, one could, so to speak, take our report to the bank.
German Federal Bank. A Real Embarrassment and Non-Existent Transparency. Not surprisingly either, is the fact that the situation became an embarrassment for the German Federal Bank, Deutsche Bundesbank (DB).
A DB speaker said, that the Deutsche Bundesbank told the German financial publication “Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten” (German Market News), that the DB does not want to comment on the statement and referred to the full transparency which it had provided about the German gold reserves in January 2013. “The situation” said the DB spokesperson, “has remained unchanged since then”. The statement however, was only 50 % true. The true 50 % of the statement is, that the Deutsche Bundesbank does not want to comment.
The untrue 50 % is the statement about the purported full transparency which the DB has provided in January 2013. While it is understandable that it is an embarrassment that one´s purported “ally“, whom many Germans consider more of a political, economical, cultural and not to forget military occupier rather than an ally, has the audacity to put Germany´s auditors off with “no place for visitors” and shows them 1 of 9 chambers, “but don´t enter and touch” after protests from Berlin, is understandable.
After all, no German functionary would ever be allowed to, and no German politician in his right mind would ever dare to say, that “Germany still has not regained its full sovereignty”without risking the carrier – or more.
But talking about full transparency is equivalent to literally ask for trouble from one´s compatriots.
The demand that Germany repatriate its physical gold reserves is becoming increasingly outspoken, and not only among German patriots and conservatives like Member of Parliament for the Christian Social Union, CSU, Peter Gauweiler.
After all, it can hardly have escaped the DB spokesperson and German as well as international observers, that Germany´s Federal Accounting Office has issued a statement in late 2012, in which it criticized the Deutsche Bundesbank because it had not ever had any of its staff to personally audit the German gold reserves abroad. That is, “Not Ever”.
No Audit of German Reserves “Ever”. Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten (German Market News) also asked the DB spokesperson whether any of the German Federal Bank´s officials has ever taken to Paris or the USA to personally audit the German gold reserves. The DB spokesperson replied, or rather tried to avoid answering the question, saying:
“The Deutsche Bundesbank has, with regard to the storage, appropriate storage and deposit contracts with those Central Banks with whom the gold is being deposited”.
He then added, that these contracts, however, were subject to confidentiality, and by the way, he added,
“the Chair for Cash, Settlements and Payment Systems of the Deutsche Bundesbank, Carl-Ludwig Thiele had said in January that he had been there”.
Given this answer, the journalist probably knew that his job would be entering the “Danger Zone” if he would have asked:
” Was there ? Where ? In France ? In New York ? Did Herr Carl-Ludwig Thiele inspect the gold and how much was there ? Is it documented anywhere ? Can I see a copy ? I mean, we are speaking about full transparency right ? ”
An ode to independent media! So, the poor German journalist could keep his job, the Bundesbank spokesperson was proud about his evasive PR skills and that he could keep his job, and we remain in the dark. Everybody is happy. Right ? Business as usual !
The effect of the Deutsche Bundesbank´s complicity in covering-up the obvious theft of Germany´s gold reserves by Germany´s occupying ally USA, the United States blatant arrogance in dealing with his “Trans-Atlantic Partners in Germany” however is beginning to backfire.
How much longer the scandal can be contained is becoming increasingly questionable, and Germans begin to organize themselves to demand the repatriation of the country´s gold reserves.
A group of renown Germans, including the member of the European Taxpayers Association, Rolf Baron von Hohenhau, Peter Boehringer of the German Precious Metals Society, M.P. Frank Scäffler, Author and former IBM Germany CEO, Prof. Hans O. Henkel, Ralf Flier, the Editor in Chief of Smart Investor Magazine, and numerous others have organized themselves in the Association “Repatriate Our Gold” (Holt unser Gold Heim)
The Co-Initiator of the Initiative, Peter Boehringer, states that he considers it absolutely plausible, that the German gold reserves no longer exist within the USA in terms of physical gold bars. Moreover, Boehringer states, that one can strongly suspect it. Boehringer concludes:
“We do believe the Deutsche Bundesbank in its statements, but we do not believe that the Bundesbank can believe what its contractual partners say. The Deutsche Bundesbank simply cannot be sure, that the gold reserves still are present at the FED in the form of gold bars” .
“The Bundesbank does not even officially claim this, or cannot prove the physical presence according to appropriate principles of accounting. The Bundesbank has officially informed us, that the depots and Partner Central Banks have a marvelous integrity, and that the doubts, which we have forwarded in the form of questions, are unsubstantiated”.
He then, correctly remarks the fact which the Bundesbank obviously attempts to omit, which is, that the FED has not performed any official audit of its gold holdings since 1953, and the fact that the Americans they don´t even trust the FED. Ask any US citizen in any major city in the USA and ask: “Can the FED be trusted?”. If you can ask the question with a straight face, people will either believe that you are retarded or that you are part of a new “Candid Camera show”.
Repatriate Our Gold therefore demands, that the Deutsche Bundesbank publishes all the lists with the gold bar numbers of gold bars, which are deposited abroad as well as in Germany.
The question one may ask is, whether the publication of the gold bar numbers would add any credibility to the claims that the gold is physically present, and the ultimate proof can only be given by a full inspection, rather than a dog and pony show, in which German auditors at the fed are shown one out of nine vaults “but don´t enter and don´t touch”. Repatriate Our Gold is therefore still insisting on a full, physical audit of the gold.
Repatriate Our Gold warns, that the repatriation of the German gold reserves from the USA and France by 2020, as the Bundesbank states it would, is far from sufficient. Boehringer states, that the Bundesbank seem to be betting on time because, as he states:
“If German gold reserves really have been used as collateral, one will first have to buy them back”.
And here, Boehringer is touching the most touchy of issues. It is correct, that the FED would first have to buy the gold before it could deliver, but the trouble is, that the gold-market has been in backwardation since early July 2013. To buy gold requires that there is someone who is able and willing to sell gold, and with the market being in backwardation that is impossible.
According to a nsnbc international report with World Bank whistleblower Karen Hudes, we may be facing a global currency war as corruption at the World Bank unsettles the gold market. Karen Hudes has worked 20 years as legal counsel at the World Bank´s legal department. Hudes was sacked in retaliation after she blew the whistle and reported massive corruption in the Bretton Woods institutions.
Hudes has since been reinstated, but the US administration continues its retaliation, and is, as a stakeholder analysis shows, under arrest of a conglomerate or megabank, has Hudes describes it, which prevents that the USA begins to comply with international accounting standards.
Already in May, Hudes warned that the consequence of failure to address the problems would be a permanent backwardation of the gold market and a global currency war that would, one started, grind world trade to a standstill. Moreover, Hudes states:
“A stakeholder analysis derived from accurate game theory modeling shows a clear fork in the road for the United States: rule of law and the transatlantic alliance or corruption and the ascendency of China.”
It may very well be that the United States and Germany, the FED and the Deutsche Bundesbank perceive it as being in their shared interest to cover-up the fact that Germany´s gold is gone, that:
” Germany won´t ever see its gold again…… Central Banks, such as the FED, where most of the reserves had been deposited, had lent the gold to U.S. Banks such as Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan. The gold has been used in the market to lower the gold price and the FED has received securities in exchange…. Germany won´t ever see that gold again, because it is safely kept in my accounts and the accounts of our investors”.
as William Kaye said it. The shared interest would in that case be the attempt to prevent the permanent backwardation, the subsequent currency war and the grinding of world trade to a hold. The problem for both the FED and the Bundesbank is, that the “Gini has left the bottle”, the truth is out and no complicity of silence will make it return into the bottle on its own volition. More simplified: “How to get the paste back into the tube?”.
When push comes to shove we will see that the German gold and the gold of numerous other countries who deposited their gold in the USA after WW II has been used to line the pockets of the US military industrial complex and has financed the US bet for global, full-spectrum dominance. Not surprisingly, many, especially older Germans come to think “Dresden and Pforzheim” when they are confronted with that fact.
French Africa Policy Damages African and European Economies.
Since the independence of the former French colonies in western Africa they are in spite of the richness of their natural resources and the productivity of their populations still catastrophically under-developed.
In 2007 the French and European economies began deteriorating into a devastating recession. France seems to be like a man who is standing at the edge of a cliff, transfixed by the thought of falling into the abyss. In fear of losing the lucrative racket of controlling the western African economies he forgets that there is Terra firma and a possibility for both French, European and African prosperity behind him. Africans and leading European politicians expected that the administration of President Hollande would bring much-needed change with respect to French control over the economies of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, the Republic of Congo, Senegal and Togo. However, also Hollande´s administration seems to be so transfixed by the prospect of falling into the abyss that it does not fathom the possibility of taking one step back.
Will France remain transfixed in fear and drag western Africa and Europe with it when it falls or does it dare to loosen up its grip on control over the good old CFA racket in its former colonies and discover the true potential and value of the African markets. As painful as it may be, the primary prerequisite for a progressive development and prosperity is the truth about the current state of affairs.
The root causes for the lacking development of the western African economies are closely related to the fact that France, contrary to other former colonial powers, managed to install its commissars at the heart of its former colonies economic and monetary system and that it still maintains almost unchallenged control over them. The system was created by German National Socialists during the 1930s and 40s. It was used to usurp France and other German occupied nations.
The Genesis of the CFA-System in Nazi Germany and the German Occupation of France.
On 9 Maj 1941 Hemmen, the German Ambassador to France declared that he had signed a treaty with the French Admiral Darlan. The treaty would place German commissars within the French National Bank´s departments for foreign currencies and international commerce.(1) The treaty was negotiated under the auspices of German Minister of Finance Herman Göring, whose father, Heinrich Ernst Göring has been the German Governor of German West Africa, todays Namibia, from 1885 to 1890. Herman Göring was among other notorious for his plundering the occupied nations’ economies through operations accounts and for his special interest in treasures and art from the German occupied areas.
At the end of world war two and the occupation of France, the French President Charles de Gaulle created the CFA Franc as a currency for the western African colonies. De Gaulle created a monetary union whose functions of control were based on the model Germany had used to usurp German occupied France.
Even though the colonies have since gained independence, the system of almost absolute control over their economies by the installment of commissars with the Central Banks of the West African Monetary and Economic Unions, the B.E.A.C., the B.C.C., and the B.C.E.A.O. persists.
Modo-Colonialism, the Veto Right by French Commissars over African Economies.
Together, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, the Republic of Congo, Senegal and Togo, establish the Monetary and Economic Union of West Africa (U.M.E.O.A. / UMEAO. Their currency, the CFA-Franc is printed under supervision of the French National Bank in Charmaliéres, France. The Council of Presidents of the fifteen U.M.E.O.A. member states constitutes the highest authority of the union. Decisions of the Presidential Council are made unanimously. The Ministerial Council of the U.M.E.O.A. defines the monetary and credit policy of the union and it is responsible for the economic development of the region. According to the constitutions of all fifteen member states the creation of their currency, the regulation of its value as well as the regulation of parities and modalities is the exclusive privilege of the nation and its people and decisions about it are made by the parliament.
The placement of French commissars within the heart of the nations and the union`s banking system however, creates an obvious dichotomy between the apparent sovereignty of the union, its constituents, and direct control from the previous colonial power.
Three of the thirteen of the Directors of the B.E.A.C. are French and four of the eight Directors of the B.C.C. are French. The Board of Directors of the B.C.E.A.O. is constituted by sixteen Directors; two from each country plus two additional Directors from France who take part in the management of the bank under the same conditions and with the same privileges as the other Directors. The number and placement of the commissars gives them a Veto right at the board of each of the Central Banks. No decision can be made without their approval and France can enforce its policy by threatening to deadlock the economies unless decisions are made in compliance with French suggestions.
The French Veto right also extends to the nomination of the Governor of the B.E.A.C.. The Governor is elected with the unanimous vote of the Board of Directors, on suggestion of the government of Gabon, and after the approval of the other member states as well as France.(2)
The Central Bank does not only have the privilege to create the currency. It also has the privilege to grant credit for the current accounts of the national treasuries at its discount rate. The Board of Directors is making the decisions about the temporalities and about the total amount that is granted for financing the economies of each of the member states.
Feeding France, Bleeding Africa – Current Accounts and the System of Usurpation.
While the primary instrument of control is the installment of French commissars, the primary instrument for usurping the western African economies is their current accounts. The member states agree to deposit their foreign currency reserves in a shared reserve fond.
The foreign currency reserves are subject to deposition in an operations account at the French National Bank. Between 1945 and 1973 one hundred per cent of the foreign currency reserves had to be deposited in the operations account, in 1973 it was reduced to sixty-five, and on 27. September 2005 to fifty percent. (3) Another fifteen percent is kept in a guaranty fund.
In other words sixty-five per cent of all foreign currency reserves of the fifteen nations and all revenue generated outside of the unions territory is kept at the French National Bank. On 3 Mai 2010 the website of Jeune Afrique quotes the former French Minister of Finance and Commerce, Christine Lagarde: “The Bank of the States of Central Africa, for instance, places an almost 90 per cent of their reserves in the French National Bank”. (4)
In 1960 Jean Boissonat, a member of the currency committee of the French National Bank wrote: “Almost all decisions were made in France .. The Franc Zone allowed France to deliver certain natural resources to itself without having to spend any foreign reserves. It was estimated that this represented two hundred and fifty million US-Dollar savings in terms of foreign reserves per year …” Boissonat continues by stating that approximately half a million Frenchmen in Paris receive their means of survival from the Franc Zone.(5)
The French socialist Jean-Noël Jeanny wrote in 1963 that: “all that the African nations achieve by increasing their export is the generation of more foreign currency reserves for France”.(6) He could as well have added “and the creation of debt for themselves”. Beside profiting on African foreign currency reserves which are returned to the West African nations in the form of debt, France is also profiting from African gold.
The gold reserves of the fifteen nations are kept in France, supposedly to guaranty for the value of the CFR Franc. In 2001 the West-African gold reserves at the French National Bank had an estimated value of 206,528 billion CFR Franc. In an interview for Le Liberation in 1996 the late President of Gabon, Omar Bongo said: “We are in the Franc Zone. Our operations accounts are managed by the French National Bank in Paris. Who profits from the interests that our money generates ? France.” (7)
France is indebting and enslaving Africans by means of Africa’s own wealth; for example: 12.0000 billion invested at three per cent creates 360 billion in interests which France grants as credits to Africa at an interest rate of five to six per cent or more. The allegory of “Bleeding Africa and Feeding France” is no exaggeration, not alarmist, and not revolutionary. It it is a sobering fact of French modo-colonialism and the cost in terms of under-development and human suffering is staggering. The current accounts and the French usurpation are a humanitarian disaster that is induced by France and financed by those who are suffering from it.
Coups, Crisis and French Finance-Nazism in Africa.
In 1996 France devalued the CFR Franc in spite of the protest of most western African nations. Former French Prime Minister Eduard Balladour justified the French dictated devaluation of the CFR Franc because “ it was considered to be the best possibility for aiding the development of the western African countries” (8), even though another statement by Balladoure indicates that he was aware of that the regulation of a currency is a matter of national sovereignty(9).
The late President of Togo, Etienne Gnassingbé said about the devaluation: “One uses to say that violence overrules justice. I was not the only one who issued the warning….. But France has decided otherwise. The African voices don´t count for much in this affair”.(10)
The words of the late Etienne Gnassingbé indicate that the Bleeding of Africa can be taken literally. According to the statutes of the monetary and economic union every member state is free to leave it. So much to theory. In practice, France has left a trail of post-modern coup d´etats, violence, and murder in those nations who tried to get out from under what many West-Africans perceive as French Finance-Nazism in Africa.
In January 1963 the President of Togo, the late Sylvanus Olympio was murdered three days before the issuing of a new currency.
On 19. November 1968 the late President of Mali Modibo Kéita was ousted in a coup and arrested. In 1977 Modibo Kéita died in prison. Kéita was poisoned.
On 27. January 1996 the President of Mali was ousted in a military coup d´etat.
On 15. March 2003 the late President of the Central African Republic Angè Félix Patassé was ousted by the “rebel leader” Francois Bozizé. In all cases the monetary union and France have played a role.
Ivory Coast´s President Laurent Gbagbo, France, the ICC and Modo-Colonialism.
When Laurent Gbagbo became the President of Ivory Coast one of his first official initiatives was the erection of a concrete wall in the tunnel that connects the French Embassy with the Presidential Residence. Gbagbo wanted Ivory Coast to abandon the CFA and institute a new regional and if possible a Pan-African, gold-backed currency. The initiative toward the establishment of a gold-backed Pan-African currency enjoyed the sympathy of many African nations and enjoyed unequivocal support from Libya, which until the so-called Arab Spring in 2011 was the richest and most developed of all African nations.
As if it was a conditioned reflex, France seemed transfixed by is fear of falling into the abyss, of losing the CFR racket that has kept the French economy afloat since it was conceived by de Gaulle in 1945. Rather than seeing a potential, France was biding its time until an opportunity for a post-modern coup d´etat. The 2010 Presidential elections in Ivory Coast. France sided with Alessanne Outtara. Libyan intelligence reports from 2009 and 2010 indicated that the French Intelligence Service D.G.S.E. had begun infiltrating, financing and arming a group of “rebels” in the northern region of Ivory Coast.
The outcome of the Presidential election was apparently very close. The electoral commission declared Alessanne Outtara the winner but the election result was disputed by Laurent Gbagbo.
There had been registered serious irregularities. In one particular village with a population of approximately ten thousand, Alessanne Outtara seemed to have received almost one hundred thousand votes.
Western mainstream media began building a narrative: The electoral commission had declared Outtara to be the winner. The despotic Laurent Gbagbo refused to hand over the reins of power to the winner of the elections. Gbagbo is cracking down on peaceful protesters. Gbagbo is cornered in his bunker…
What western media generally failed to report, underreported, or conveyed in a distorted and strongly biased fashion was that: Laurent Gabgbo and his party had brought the case to the Supreme Court; that the Supreme Court of Ivory Coast had recounted the votes; that the Supreme Court had taken notice of election fraud in favor of Outtara; and that the Supreme Court of Ivory Coast had declared Laurent Gbagbo to be the winner of the elections and the rightfully elected President of Ivory Coast. That French backed guerrilla began attacking predominantly pro-Gbagbo villages, committing massacres, and that French backed “rebels” were attacking the Presidential Residence.
What was emphatically reported in French and western media like the BBC was that “security forces” clamped down on peaceful protesters, and that “Ouattara´s Army” is cornering “Gbagbo in his bunker”.(11)
Nobody seemed to ask the important question. Where in the world had Outtara, who just claimed to have won the elections gotten an “army” from ?
It is symptomatic for the high prevalence of racism and condescending modo-colonialist reasoning among European populations that only very few commentators and analysts said:
“But the electoral commission is not the one who has the competence to approve of election results, it is the Supreme Court”.
A comparison can illustrate the point: When George W. Bush and Al Gore had the closest of all elections that have been held in the United States of America; who certified the election ? The Supreme Court, of course. (12)
Many Americans felt utterly disenfranchised but the population respected the Supreme Court. Could anyone have even thought about the remote possibility of “Al Gore´s Army cornering Bush in his Bunker” of “Gore neglecting the Supreme Court because the electoral commission had pronounced him to be the winner ?” And where in the world would Al Gore have gotten his army from Anyways ? And where did Alessanne Outtara get his army from ?
The capture of Laurent Gbagbo cost the lives of approximately 1.600 young Ivorian soldiers. Young patriots who were willing to defend the President of Ivory Coast from the onslaught of a French-backed post-modern coup d´etat. The capture an arrest of President Laurent Gbagbo was possible only after French special forces violated international law by blasting a hole into the wall which Laurent Gbagbo had erected inside the tunnel that connects the French embassy with the Presidential residence.
The sealed boxes with the ballots from the 2010 elections are kept at the United Nations. So far U.N. Secretary General Ban Kyi-moon has failed to order an independent re-count of the ballots. The fact that the United Nations has so far failed to re-count the ballots to determine the legitimacy of either Laurent Gbagbo´s or Alessanne Outtara´s claim for the Ivorian Presidency, combined with the selective and one-sided prosecution of Laurent Gbagbo at the ICC and of military officers who were loyal to him in 2010 is symptomatic for grave systemic and procedural problems at the United Nations and the International Criminal Court at The Haag. The case against Laurent Gbagbo ought to have been dismissed on the basis of selective prosecution from the very start. His prosecution at the ICC after French involvement in the aggravation of post-election violence in Ivory Coast and the arrest with the aid of French special forces is a blatant example for the abuse of the ICC as an instrument of modo-colonialist control. The most recent selectively prosecuted case is that against General Dogbo Ble in Ivory Coast. Also here western media are de-facto sentencing a political opponent of modo-colonialism before he is even heard in court.(13)
A recent analysis of the systemic and political problems with the ICC, the United Nations, the Rome Statute and the explosion of international law at its very root by Dr. Hans Köchler (14) reads as if it was written to elicit the injustice that is being perpetrated against Laurent Gbagbo and the people of Ivory Coast.
Missed Chances for African and European Economies and the Urgency of Change.
A growing number of African and European leaders are becoming impatient about the paralysis of France. African leaders are impatient because the obvious usurpation of their nations is unbearable for the African economies and their populations. European leaders are mostly impatient because France prevents a European adaptation to the last decades geopolitical changes in Africa and because the crisis of the Euro requires initiative rather than stagnation. Failure to integrate the western African economies into the economic sphere of Europe is bound to have devastating long term consequences for both Africa and Europe.
China has recognized the colossal market potential of a developing African middle class. The French and Trans-Atlantic model of usurpation and subjugation is not only criminal and unethical, it is also uncompetitive.
Recent statements made by the French political heavyweight Jacques Chiraq, who said that France does not have to be a benefactor, it must merely stop usurping Africa, are indicating a potential for change. Chiraq stated that failure to change French-African relations can have catastrophic consequences. 2012 Presidential candidate Jean Luc Mélenon stated that the CFA represents the severe mistake not to tie the western African economies to the economies of the European Union. Mélenon demanded that France abandons its veto right at the Boards of the African Central Banks.
The European Council stated that France is blocking for any project of the European Central Bank that attempts to change the nature or the bearing of the French involvement in the western African Central Banks. The French approach to managing French-African relations is not only bleeding Africa. It is increasingly bleeding both the French and European economies who are missing out on the market potential of an emerging African middle class.
Some political analysts have suggested the establishment of an African-European Peace and Reconciliation Commission that is dealing with the crimes of the past, the building of trust, the review of highly politicized cases at the International Criminal Court, such as the prosecution of Ivoryan President Laurent Gbagbo to ease a transition toward new African-European relations.
The question for this and the coming year is whether France will continue standing at the edge of the cliff and fall while dragging both western Africa and Europe into the abyss together with it, or if it dares to listen to the voices of reason from Africa and its European partners, turn its gaze away from the abyss and see that there is fertile land, right behind it.
“We want to express our recognition and gratitude to Prof. Nicolas Agbohou. The historical context of the article and references about it are inspired by his speech at the Conference on African-French Relations in Paris City Hall, on 09 October 2012. – NSNBC International.”
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Turkey’s Constitutional Court Removes Minimun Legal Age Clause: More Child Brides Coming
Turkey’s Constitutional Court annulled legislation that prohibits all sexual acts with minors under the age of 15 as sexual abuse. The Court’s ruling caused outrage among rights activists and academics. A study conducted by researchers at Gaziantep University revealed that one in every three marriages in Turkey is child marriage.
The Constitutional Court ruled on the issue after a district court complained that the current law does not discriminate between age groups in cases of child sex abuse. In practice, the law makes no difference regardless whether an adult has sex with a 14-year old or a 4-year old.
The district court noted that the law does not provide legal consequences for the “consent” of victims in cases where the child victim is from 12 to 15 years of age and able to understand the meaning of the sexual act.
The District Court added that: “This creates an imbalance between legal benefits and sanctions that should be preserved in crime and punishment”. In a 7 – 6 decision the judges at the Constitutional Court agreed with the District Court and annulled the provision. The new (old) rules will come into effect on January 13, 2017.
The ruling prompted protests from women’s rights activist, child rights activists as well as from prominent academics who stress that all persons under the age of 18, under international conventions to which Turkey is a party, are children.
Nazan Moroğlu, the coordinator od the Istanbul Women’s Association and lawyer criticized the Constitutional Court for even considering the District Court’s application in the first place. Moroğlu stressed that the ruling will lead to children being vulnerable to sexual abuse and rape and will lead to more female children getting married at an early age without getting an education.
She added that the problem with child brides is already acute in Turkey, noting that there are some 3.5 million of them already and that the ruling guaranteed that their numbers will increase.
Sabit Aktas, the head of the Child Rights Center of the Ankara Bar Association, warned that many children will be affected and suffer due to the Constitutional Court’s decision. Aktas said:
“We can foresee what this decision will bring about. Those jurists who are distant from society in their ivory towers should go to courtrooms to see and hear what those children go through when describing their experiences. They should only make a ruling on this issue after doing that”.
In 2013 the Turkish AKP government under the then Prime Minister R. Tayyip Erdogan adopted the so-called 4+4+4 educational system for Turkey. A large number of Turkish experts in social sciences and education stressed that this new educational law especially encourages young Turkish girls to leave school at a very early age rather than seeking education.
Statistics from 2013 showed that 853 women were murdered in the last four years; 15% of them were killed because they wanted to divorce, 66% were killed by their ex-husbands or boyfriends. 12.5% were killed by their husbands, even though they filed a complaint and were provided with protection by the state. Violence against women in Turkey is more prevalent in the countryside where girls more often are taken out of school at an earlier age and where child marriages are more common.
In October 2013 a study conducted by researchers a Gaziantep University revealed that one in every three marriages in Turkey is a child marriage. The marriage of Turkish child brides to older men has repeatedly led to fatal tragedies. Among the most known cases in 2014 alone, is the death of two so-called child brides.
In January 2014 one 14-year-old teenage girl died from “several” allegedly self-inflicted gunshot wounds in what was declared a suicide. Police investigations suggested that the girl may have been as young as ten or eleven years when she was married away to a significantly older man. In July 2014 the 15-year-old Seter Aslan succumbed to a gunshot wound in what was declared a suicide.
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